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Equalizing Bee colonies Having and Care of packaged Bees how do Bees make honey The prevention of beeswax combs from wax moth damage

The aim of equalizing bee colonies is to make weak and strong colonies in the apiary of the same strength before the nectar flow, and to boost the weak colony by giving it either some brood or extra bees.

Weak colonies have a low bee population and a few frames of brood. This may be because the queen is poor and not laying many eggs. However, there are many factors that may contribute to weakening of a colony. Weak colonies make little honey and are slow to build up and do not develop into strong units if were left alone. More

The package of bees usually contains bees shaken from two or more colonies, and the queen supplied with the package is bred from selected colonies to be sent in the package. The queen is kept in a separate small wooden or plastic cage with one screened side and candy release plug. The caged queen in the package is well protected and fed through the screen during transportation, and usually accepted by the bees within 12 24 hours.More

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The honeybees are social insects living together in large group or family called a colony. The bees' nest inside the hive consists of several wax combs each containing many cells in which bees use for rearing their baby bees and to store food. The bees organize their affairs so well in their dwelling and devote themselves to the welfare and survival of their colony.More

The wax moth is a highly destructive insect that attacks and destroys beeswax combs especially those in storage. The moth itself is not a problem; it is the larvae that do the destruction. The moth loves old combs and visits stored combs which are unprotected and could reduce them to a mass of webbing very rapidly. Combs in storage are ideal grounds for the breeding of wax moths. A beekeeper should take preventive action to protect his unused combs against wax moth attack during storage in winter to avoid losing valuable combs.More

Bumblebees

Bumblebees are social insects, live in organized colonies in nests typically built in a small hole in the ground or under a clump of grass. They are robust, hairy, black with yellow bands and make a buzzing sound while flying. There are about 250 different species of bumblebee in the world. They are most common in temperate climates, and fly from March to October.More

 

Dividing Bee Colonies for Making Nuclei

Honeybees naturally reproduce or increase by swarming, a process in which a new colony is created by division of the original colony. In the process, the worker bees make queen cells to raise a new queen. Nine days after the eggs have been laid, the colony divides where a large group of bees approximately third of the hive population (20,000 bees) leave the hive on a fine day with the mother queen and look for a new home. The beekeeper captures the swarm, hives it, and so doing he has an additional bee unit in his holdings. This natural reproduction occurs mainly in the spring and early summer when the weather becomes warmer and abundant flowers in bloom are available in nature.More

 

BeeColony Activities Throughout The Year

Honeybees live compatibly in a large family in a common nest or colony and work collectively in a remarkable cooperation to ensure their survival. Without each other, they cant survive. Their goal is to raise young bees and make honey for their immediate needs and to lay down stores to carry them through times when there is none available, as in the winter.

A colony of honeybees includes a queen, worker bees and drones (male bees). Each member has a specific function to do in the colony. The job of the queen is to lay eggs to produce offspring and multiply the numbers in her colony so the numbers of bees are optimal for the main flowering and nectar and pollen gathering season. A good queen can lay around1000 1500 eggs per day during the active breeding season. More

Bees bearding phenomenon

Its the clustering or hanging of older bees out at the front of the hive during very hot weather. When bees do that it looks like the hive has a beard. This behaviour coincides with the onset of the hot humid days and nights (mid-June to August). Bearding begins when the summer temperatures reach 38C (100F) or more.

On hot and humid evening, many bees will loiter through the night and even during the day outside the hive clinging to the front of the hive or on the landing board doing nothing. More

 

Judging The Quality Of Bee Queen

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The bee queen is the most valuable female in the bee colony.  A colony without a queen cannot get along and will die off. The queen is the mother of the colony, and her major task is to lay eggs from which the bees develop. A queen can lay 1,500 eggs or more per day under favourable conditions during the active season (spring and midsummer). .More

The Life Cycle of a Bee

13_13A-1.jpg honey bee larvae and eggs picture by berkshirebee

The life stages of a honeybee are egg, larva, pupa and adult. Development from egg to adult takes 21 days. The length of these stages is set out in the table below.

Egg

The queen bee lays an egg in a cell of the honeycomb. The egg of the honeybee is cylindrical, about 1.6 mm long and 0.4 mm in diameter. When first laid, it stands vertically, on the second day it bends over, on the third day it lays on its side. On the fourth day it hatches into a white legless larva.More

Egg-laying Worker Bees

There are two female castes in the honeybee colony: the queen and the worker bee. Although both hatch from a fertilized egg, the two females differ in their structure, appearance and behaviour. The difference is brought about by the variation in feeding and type of cell in which each caste is raised.

Queens are raised in special large cells, which hang vertically and are about the size and shape of a peanut shell, which allows them to grow their ovaries in longer abdomens. Worker bees develop in small hexagonal cells that have a diameter of about 5.3 mm (1/5 in) and are 10-12 mm (5/8 in) deep.More

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
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